what is "culture"?

"Culture" is difficult to define. Here are two broad, overarching definitions:

  1. As a global sociological concept: the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought, built up by a group of human beings defined by a particular common characteristic (e.g. by socio-geographical, ethnic, or age) and transmitted from one generation to another. e.g. Western culture, Russian culture, youth culture.
  2. As a local personality trait: the intellectual quality in a person or society that arises from a concern - developed through training or education - for what is regarded as excellent in arts, thought, scholarly pursuits, and so on. e.g. "the sitar player and Ancient History teacher was a cultured woman."

So you can now imagine that "culture" is something enriching, specific, a process of identification, never static but always evolving with time, and inherently beautiful in our world. For more information, visit the Wikipedia articles for Culture and Counterculture (social change that transforms into an evolutionary process crucial in the evolution of culture over time).